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5 Government Freedom
Government freedom means the effective transfer of legislative (rule-making), executive (administration) and judicial powers, which concern a village’s governance, into the hands of the village itself. People must be completely responsible for their welfare, development and governance. It also requires the setting up of a proper audit mechanism by the state government so that it can keep an eye on the local institutions and ensure that they comply with the national laws and aims.

From a national perspective this shift into institutionalization can be considered as a transformative attempt at exponentially increasing the number of minds that are contributing to the welfare of the village and its members....

Typically, a free nation controls its own legislature, executive and judiciary. But that does not mean that if that free nation were a part of a larger nation, it would have lost its freedom. Take the example of the Eurozone. Certain powers can be surrendered to the larger formation but freedom can be substantially retained in the lower unit. It is more about a balance of government power in which the various levels of government have both the rights and responsibilities that help enhance the freedom of the individual citizen. In an outstanding system, even the lowest of such formations, which is defined by a local community, will have a certain sense of nationality. They will have rights and responsibilities and will facilitate the freedom of individual citizens both within and outside the village.

In the pre-British traditional Indian system, the panchayat was the lowest political formation. It enjoyed legislative, executive and judicial power in a way such that the freedom and self-expression of its citizens was ensured. Such a system can be better executed today because of better technology

Of the six freedoms, Govrnment freedom is unique. The other five freedoms can be obtained by the citizens of a village themselves, by working together as a team. But for Government freedom the 'sanction' of the government at the higher level is needed; most importantly, within the confines of the constitution. Effectively, ‘government freedom’ is to be ‘earned’ by the village. Good statesmanship will ensure that government freedom will be ‘given’ to the village when it becomes worthy of it.

The local government is important because it is capable of the highest impact on an individual citizen. This is the zone where an individual can best express himself in bettering his surroundings. It is the sphere where he can be taught to be responsible for others and for his nation. Here, he can also be taught to select the right candidates for the state and national leadership. A government OF the people, BY the people and FOR the people can happen at the higher levels. But a government WITH the people can best happen in the local community.

5.1 Legislative
A village must make village policies and village rules that are applicable to itself through its Gram Sabha, provided of course that these policies and rules do not violate the constitution of India. These rules must preferably be briefly recorded in writing, and a copy of the same must be maintained at the taluka head office and taluka court. (These provisions are still to be made in the administrative setup at the taluka level.) The Gram Sabha should also oversee the functioning of the village executive, and as such, it should lay down the norms on which basis the executive will take forward the goals of the village. Some important operational decisions can also be taken through the Gram Sabha. Click here for more details.
5.2 Executive
The executive will be elected on the basis of the laws of the land, preferably drafted at the village level on the guidance of the templates/patterns recommended at the state level. However, these executive bodies can be considered operational only after the requisite clearance and recognition is done by the state government. All those who serve in a village—in the public institutions there—should come under the administrative control of the village executive; this would include doctors, health workers, teachers, other village panchayat staff, knowledge workers, etc. Click here for more details.
5.3 Judicial
Each village must have a nyay panchayat consisting of five members. Every member should have passed a certificate course conducted by a judicial commission developed for this purpose. The course should be such that even an illiterate person can get certified. The village Gram Sabha will elect them for a fixed period of ten years, and one person will retire and be replaced/renewed every two years in rotation. This initiative will be mostly honorary on a cost-covering basis, which the village should mostly bear. Click here for more details.
5.4 Integration
A village community must integrate into the national processes that spring from the constitution of India. There will always be institutions such as political parties, non-governmental organizations, the government, media agencies, commercial institutions, neighboring villages and higher panchayat-based organizations which will play an important role in the dynamics of the village environment. It will be in the interest of the nation if the village can retain a distinguished identity while at the same time dovetail comfortably into this existing political-economic environment. Click here for more details.
SOME RELEVANT/SIMILAR INSPIRATIONAL STORIES
Vietnam self-rule system:
Vietnam Self-rule villages in fudal system of the country with rules dating back to 15th Century thereabouts… good example for a village if it wants to learn how to go about its business. Good example for state governemnts if they want to facilitate some kind of self-rule and responsibility shouldering at the village level itself...
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SIX FREEDOMS
1Accounting

1.1 Land records

1.2 Taxes

1.3 Scheme list

1.4 census
2Economy

2.1 Adapt / integrate

2.2 Employment

2.3 Financial

2.4 Technological

2.5 Resource economy
3Culture

3.1 Education

3.2 Skill sets

3.3 Traditions

3.4 Arts

3.5 Spiritual
4Health

4.1 Sports

4.2 Health/Wellness

4.3 Hygiene

4.4 Nutrition

4.5 Medical care
5Government

5.1 Legislative

5.2 Executive

5.3 Judicial

5.4 Integration
6Vision

6.1 Environmental

6.2 Developmental

6.3 Contributory
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